From a regulatory perspective, lockout agreements should help protect investors. The scenario that aims to avoid the lockout agreement is a group of insiders who take over an overvalued corporate audience and then throw it at investors as they flee with the revenue. For this reason, some Blue Sky laws still have blockages as a legal requirement, as this has been a real problem during several periods of market exuberance in the United States. It is interesting to note that some of these studies have found that staggered locking agreements may actually have more negative effects on an action than those with a single expiration date. This is surprising, as staggered locking chords are often seen as a solution for post-lock-up dip. Even if there is a blocking agreement, investors who are not insiders of the company may be affected as soon as this blocking agreement exceeds the expiry date. When the blockages expire, the company`s insiders will be able to sell their shares. If many insiders and venture capitalists are looking for an exit, this can lead to a dramatic fall in the price due to the huge offer of shares. Although lockout agreements are not required by federal law, sub-managers will often require executives, venture capitalists (VCs) and other business insiders to sign lockout agreements to avoid undue sales pressure in the first few months of trading after an IPO. An investment freeze occurs when the target entity grants an option to acquire an asset. It is also known as the crown lock. The blackout periods usually last 180 days, but can sometimes last up to 90 days or a year.
Sometimes all insiders are “blocked” for the same period. In other cases, the agreement will have a staggered blocking structure, in which different insider classes will be blocked for different periods. Although federal law does not require companies to use blackout periods, they can still be imposed by state blue sky laws. Details of a company`s lockout agreements are always disclosed in prospectus documents for the company concerned.