The founders also defined a process for amending the Constitution and, since its ratification, the Constitution has been amended 27 times. To avoid arbitrary changes, the change process is quite laborious. An amendment may be proposed by a two-thirds majority of both houses of Congress or, if two-thirds of the States request one, by a convention convened for that purpose. The amendment must then be ratified by three-quarters of the state`s legislators or three-quarters of the conventions that are to be ratified in each state. In modern times, changes have traditionally set a timetable for achieving this, usually a period of several years. In addition, the Constitution stipulates that no amendment may deny a State equal representation in the Senate without the consent of that State. The theory of literal approval has the logic that valid consent must designate the final authority of the people and not elected officials, implying that the people have the absolute sovereign power to oversteps their government at any time by referendum (or, as stated in the Declaration of Independence, “the right of the people to modify or abolish their government”). Without this unconditional power, theorists are the decision-makers of the holidays, that true consent cannot exist and that, therefore, any government is despotism by governing the people by force without their effective consent. How does the government work under the Articles of Confederation? [Civil power] cannot have the right, unless it flows from the individual right of every human being to protect himself and his property. The legislative and executive power used by the government to protect property is nothing but the natural power of every man who falls into the hands of the community. and it is justified only because it is a better means of protecting the natural right than the mutual assistance to which every human being is naturally entitled.
:532 The founders also strove to establish the relationship between the states. States are required to give “full confidence and recognition” to the laws, registrations, treaties and judicial proceedings of other states, although Congress is able to regulate how states share registrations and define the scope of this clause. States must under no circumstances discriminate against citizens of other States and may not impose customs duties against one another. States must also extradite accused of crimes to other States for trial. However, while the articles provide that Congress would have the power to pay the national government`s debt, it did not provide any way for this body to directly increase revenues. Although Congress enjoyed some authority that could be used to regulate the economy, it did not have the power to impose. In addition, due to the perceived weakness of the national government, the diplomatic image of the nation has suffered. . .